The second chapter takes us at once to the end of the times of the Gentiles, when the day of the Lord is to be enacted. The locust plague was preceded by nothing; the Day of the Lord follows the locust plague and will be preceded by the outpouring of the Spirit of God upon all flesh. What serves to confirm this supposition, is the circumstance that Jeremiah, alluding to the passage under consideration, has, in chap. These learned doctors tell us that Joel 2:30 and 31 relate to the destruction of the nation, and the civil and ecclesiastical polity of the Jews! As we have shown the literal locusts in their different stages were symbolical of nations laying waste the land as the locusts had done. God inspired these prophecies, and they are sure to occur.
When he calls for lamenting and repenting, he seems to think that this is something that should be done by the community in the temple, following certain prescribed rituals. Let all the inhabitants of the land tremble, for the Day of The Lord is coming; surely it is near. You can cancel anytime during the trial period. But the suffix in ver. But the Jehovah who appears there is none other than the Lord Jesus Christ, the one who was in their midst and who was delivered by the people to be crucified. The judgment is mentioned as reaping and treading the winepress, the same as in Revelation 14:14-20.
Finally, one is left to ponder the two parts of the composition: whether the book divides into pre-exilic and postexilic strands, whether the work is a unity and the locusts are a symbol of the judgment of the Lord, or even whether some natural event stimulated visions of an apocalyptic moment. Or, as in the case of Joel, terrible things have already happened, probably as the result of human sin. There are numerous passages in the Old Testament which shed interesting light upon this future outpouring of the Spirit see Isa. Now, if we follow this view at all, we must, in determining the four swarms, certainly assent to the opinion of the Jews, as given in Jerome; and this so much the more, as the four swarms are, in that case, exactly parallel to the four beasts in Daniel, which denote the Chaldean, Medo-Persian, Grecian, and Roman monarchies. He prophesied not like Hosea among the ten tribes, but he was a prophet of Judah.
God has His ways to bring His people around. When scholars try to understand what kind of a prophet Joel was, they look for clues for what happened to the office of the prophet in the days after the exile when some of the people returned to Jerusalem to rebuild the temple. It has too many soldiers to count. Chapter 2 speaks of God's mercy 2:13-14 , and the end reveals a future time of Divine intervention. Verses 12-17 Here is the Lord calling to His people to return unto Him with true repentance compare with Hosea 5:15-6:1. Among these, the dry and hot southern country -- the Arabian desert -- is first mentioned; then, the anterior sea, i. The prayer of the prophet 1: 19-20 Verses 1-4 The prophet announces that it is the Word of Jehovah he utters, which came to him.
On the contrary, the comprehensive character of the description distinctly appears in i. Further, -- The description of the threatening judgment in chap. Thus, fire means the fire of war in Num. He will appear in all His glory. The Lord to His judgment hosts: Put in the sickle, For the harvest is ripe; Come--Tread! From this flows the judgment upon her enemies.
This hostile army invades the land from the North and makes the land a wilderness. He is not mentioned outside the books of Joel and Acts. The recollection of such facts could not be lost, as long as the disposition continued from which they originated. The drinkers of wine were therefore to suffer first. Modern Day Fascination And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out my spirit upon all flesh; and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, your young men shall see visions: And also upon the servants and upon the handmaids in those days will I pour out my spirit. But the people of Israel would not recognize the hand of Jehovah in it. In verse 6 the locusts are described as a nation, mighty without number, with lion's teeth.
The great sin of the nations, the Gentile world-powers, is the sin against Israel. The year is approx 830 B. But the Greeks are also mentioned in an inscription of Sargon about 710 B. The same kind of abrupt transition from despair to hope occurs in the structure of a typical lament psalm. Further, Joel seems to be making a move toward apocalyptic literature, best exemplified by the books of Daniel and Revelation, where there is conjecture about the end-time, God's ultimate justice, times of conflict before the final resolution, and signs in the heavens and on earth that great and marvelous things are about to happen. This analogy is so much the more important, the more impossible it is to overlook, in other passages also, the points of agreement betwixt Joel and Amos.
It was enough that Joel prophesied the destruction by these great empires, even before any one of them had appeared on the stage of history, and that he was enabled to point even to the fourfold number of them. In referring to the terrible locust plague, Joel was able to speak into the lives of his listeners and imprint the message of judgment into their minds, like a brand sears the flesh of an animal. The olive oil has run out. How the Two Different Sections of Joel Work Together Clearly a different scene and language move in the two parts. New wine has been taken away from you. Solomon, David, and Jacob already knew the personal Messiah.