Agriculture makes provision for food for the ever increasing population: Due to the excessive pressure of population labour surplus economies like India and rapid increase in the demand for food, food production increases at a fast rate. Technological change has played a major role in the development of the agricultural sector in India. The inadequate irrigation facilities in most part of the country explain the limited regional spread of modern technology. In this paper, we analyse three different islands of success using an agro-ecological framework, arguing that such islands of success based on traditional knowledge are becoming an increasingly necessary approach to agriculture. Almost 15 lakh poor people from the impoverished regions of Bihar, eastern Uttar Pradesh and Orissa work here. They took loans from , who charged high rates of and also exploited the farmers later on to work in their fields to repay the loans. But economists; are divided on this issue.
However, the revolution resulted into increased income, wide interpersonal and regional inequality and inequitable asset distribution. The results suggest that recent agricultural technologies developed in Asia can be conducive to overcoming harsh production environments in less-favored regions of the world, if proper institutions are in place. Internal trade in food-grains and other agricultural products helps in the expansion of service sector. The evidence of qualitative changes in attitudes can be observed from the short and long term investment decision of the farmers, i. Green Revolution refers to a series of research, development, and technology transfer initiatives, occurring between the 1940s and the late 1970s, that increased agriculture production around the world, beginning most markedly in the late 1960s.
This led to a class conflict between the rich and the poor farmers. After obtaining the ownership rights, farmers worked whole-heartedly on their farms and this led to a tremendous increase in agricultural production. The development of ground water, so vital for Green Revolution, requires uninterruped supply of electricity at cheaper rates. Farm Mechanisation: Much success of The Green Revolution depends upon farm mechanisation. I am not suggesting that Norman Borlaug or the Green Revolution were bad things.
In the words of Leo E. The new materials added to the soil and plants polluted the soil and water systems around the fields. The 1970s and1980s were decade in which poverty trend only contentiously decline without rise. It also included the provision for the supply of inputs like credit, fertilisers, seeds, plant protection and minor irrigation. Later on, this programme was extended to remaining states and one district from each state was selected for intensive development. Subject Matter of Green Revolution 2.
Crops have the potential to grow anywhere: With this revolutionary farming technique, agriculture can be done almost everywhere. By developing new technologies that are more sustainable, it may be possible to provide food for the ever-increasing population without destroying the environment. Green revolution paves the way for transforming a large number of tenants and share-croppers into agricultural labourers due to large-scale eviction of tenants by large farmers as they find large-scale farming is highly profitable. The productivity was quite low in the pre-green revolution period. To mention at first the major conclusion of the paper, we consider that agricultural growth should be preceded the modern economic growth which is based on industrialization. Wet lands have attracted industrialists to invest capital in buying farms. It has provided benefits to poor in the form of lower food prices, increased migration opportunities and greater employment in the rural non-farm economy.
Such a rise of rural India as a market for non-agricultural products and services was an important pre-requisite for the rapid economic growth based on non-agricultural sectorsâ development in India after the 1990s. The yield per hectare has also improved from 1013 kgs in 1960 to 1,101 kg in 2013-2014. However, it also adds to the instability in the output growth. It has caused over-use of soil and rapidly depleted its nutrients. The natural land that is currently not needed for agricultural land is safe for the time being, and can be utilized by animals and plants for their natural habitat. The backward linkage of agriculture to industry was weak.
This requires effective public distribution system to stabilize prices during uncertain conditions. To date, most of the empirical studies on how agro - climatic factors affect agricultural productivity have focused on developed countries. This study uniquely explores the changes over time in the impacts of climatic conditions and irrigation on cereal crop yields in India during the 31-year period from 1972 to 2002. Following factors have contributed to the growth of rural marketing: 1. Thus, with a growing middle class with a monthly income there is a drastic change free from monsoon or cropping pattern.
The implication for Sub-Saharan Africa is that raising income in rural areas through productivity growth of the agricultural sector, especially the staple food sector, is essential for the success of modern economic growth through industrialization. This paper therefore reviewed the possibilities of African agriculture achieving food sufficiency in the face of 21st century agricultural challenges and opportunities. Industrial Growth: Green Revolution brought about large scale farm mechanisation which created demand for different types of machines like tractors, harvestors, threshers, combines, diesel engines, electric motors, pumping sets, etc. What is now needed is the evolution of a low cost technology, which can be adopted by small farmers and which can use local resources. You can help by to prose, if. Moreover, as the green revolution was very much restricted to production of wheat thus the benefits were very much restricted to 20.