The Hard Approach and Soft Approach Under Theory X, management approaches to motivation range from a hard approach to a soft approach. Related: So which Management style do you prefer? With the onslaught of B2B social media, and the break down of formal business approach, business is also being conducted more around Theory Y than old school Theory X. Some big businesses like Google and Apple use theory Y management to run their companies. However, neither of these extremes is optimal. The soft approach is characterized by leniency and less strict rules in hopes for creating high and cooperative employees. Description: Theory X and theory Y follow different methodologies of keeping people motivated. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.
Management believes employee's work is based on their own self-interest. First, of course, we need to look closely at what each of these theories says about the topic of motivation in the workplace. This style makes the assumption that so must come from an external source—the manager. X Theory was the earliest theory, and takes a pessimistic view of workers. They share the approach—and the information they are seeing—with their customers.
Of course, many companies have some type of incentive program or offer bonuses for example, but a Theory X manager takes rewards and punishments to a whole new level. The Bible Adam and Eve needed to be punished Tower of Babel Heaven Carrot vs. This allows the employee to design, construct, and publish their work in a timely manner in co-ordinance to their workload and projects. Maslow's hierarchy of needs consist of physiological needs lowest level , safety needs, love needs, esteem needs, and highest level. Please reference authorship of content used, including link s to ManagementStudyGuide. According to Theory Z, people want to maintain a work-life balance, and they value a working environment in which things like family, culture, and traditions are considered to be just as important as the work itself.
Share your experience and knowledge in the comments box below. In instances where the thinking process is important and the employee is expected to act on their own responsibility, managers prefer to opt for Theory Y. Solutions Empxtrack offer solutions for talent management. Using this theory in these types of work conditions allows employees to specialize in particular work areas which in turn allows the company to mass-produce a higher quantity and quality of work. Many managers gravitate toward Theory X, and usually obtain poor results. A need higher in the hierarchy will become a motive of behaviour as long as the needs below it have been satisfied.
You can also find us on , and. Your rating is more than welcome or share this article via Social media! Provided by: University of Delhi. According to McGregor, there are two opposing approaches to implementing Theory X: the hard approach and the soft approach. A Theory X manager would never allow you to work autonomously, on almost anything. A master of a trade such as a plumber or an electrician trains several apprentices.
According to this theory, people definitely do not wish to bear any responsibility for their work. Autocratic and Authoritarian Pessimistic view of employees Micromanages exactly how things get done, rather than being interested in a successful outcome. A mix of practices which ensure a healthy blend of systems and the freedom to perform at the work place is likely to motivate the employees more. Under Theory Z management, not only do workers have a sense of cohesion with their fellow workers, they also develop a sense of order, discipline, and a moral obligation to work hard. . This might apply if you have a department which is focused on being creative, such as your marketing team. Theory-X assumptions are: 1 most people dislike and will avoid it to the extent possible, therefore 2 they must be continually coerced, controlled, and threatened with to get the work done, and that 3 they have little or no , prefer to avoid , and choose above everything else.
We work with and write about companies that are improving business results and the lives of their employees through open-book management. Their logical capabilities should be fully utilized. People begin to take pride in their company and want to share the excitement. This kind of thinking tends to show itself. Furthermore, it allows people to grow and develop. A hierarchical structure is needed, with narrow span of control at each level, for effective employee management. On the other hand, companies who follow theory Y have a more decentralized approach, which means that the authority is distributed among employees.
The process ensures that business continues to operate efficiently without the presence of people who were holding key positions as they must have retired, resigned, etc. X Theory is based on the carrot and stick. This theory states that managers evaluate the workplace and choose their leadership style based upon both internal and external conditions presented. Values, beliefs, and customs differ from country to country and group to group, but all people have similar needs. Y Scouts, a , finds purpose-aligned and performance-proven leaders to help organizations achieve their missions faster. For example, a company with low-skill workers who are uneducated may need to use Theory X methods in order to keep their team moving forward. However, employees are still expected to have specialized career responsibilities.
Take a closer look at the. McGregor Theory X and Theory Y. Influence A good manager will realize that leadership affects employee behaviour. This management style, in fact, hinders the satisfaction of higher-level needs. According to this theory, pure work motivation consists of financial incentives. As such, it is these higher-level needs through which employees can best be motivated.
Theory Y manager believes that, given the right conditions, most people will want to do well at work and that there is a pool of unused creativity in the workforce. This is more relevant in the workplace now than ever before, especially when management style is being scrutinised, and Leadership is becoming the preferred method of empowering employees, clients, colleagues and peers. Under Theory X, one can take a hard or soft approach to getting results. Theory Y assumes that people are inherently happy to work , they want to exert themselves and they are motivated to pursue objectives. In order to get the best out of the employees, plenty of management is necessary, meaning the structure of the business can become quite top-heavy.