Plays on words and obvious similarities of names point to the story's highly autobiographical character. Say, instead, Gregor encountered a severe accident. Though he tries to adapt, the loneliness and isolation grow as he realizes he cannot work, cannot go out, and, perhaps most importantly, he cannot relate to or communicate with other people, especially, his family. The confusion of violin playing and player — and his inability to admit this to himself — are they part of Gregor's guilt? He hated everything not pertaining to literature; he also dreaded the mere thought of having to waste time on other people. Joseph, too, did not hear the alarm, and he, like Gregor, was taken prisoner. His identity cannot be established from his reactions because whenever Gregor is impaired as a human being, he reacts positively as an animal and vice versa. Face pulped, body mashed, mind semi-vaporized.
She needs him to get up so she can keep on having a simple life, with her violin lessons paid for. Put differently, truth and life are mutually exclusive. The story follows this transformation, Gregor's adjustment to his new form, and his family's reactions to his disgusting new body, eating habits, and movements around the home. Gregor's mother sees him hanging on the wall and passes out. Franz Kafka has shown a surrealistic transformation in an individual and its impacts on the relationships.
An interpretation often advanced categorizes Gregor's metamorphosis as an attempt at escaping his deep-seated conflict between his true self and the untenable situation at the company. Gregor's unbelievably stayed reaction to his horrible fate shows Kafka, the master painter of the grotesque, at his best. Freedom and escapism Gregor is trapped in his job by his duty to his family, but he dreams of the day when he can finally pay off their debts and quit his job. However, it can be noted that Gregor and the rest of the characters relatively remain calm since his transformation as if nothing unusual happened. Family duty The theme of family and the duties of family members to each other drive the interactions between Gregor and the others. As Gregor lies in front of Grete and listens to her music, he has only her on his mind.
The truth is that his father has far more money than Gregor knows about; also, he was not nearly as sick as he has made Gregor believe. Kafka's characters often have this experience of being controlled by and vaguely afraid of an absurd, overly-officious bureaucracy, and indeed this is one of his major themes. Just as his new compound vision distorts his reality, so too does this setting through which he witnesses the world only through the windowed eyes of his bedroom. The most terrible insight which the story conveys is that even the most beautiful relationships between individuals are based on delusions. The Samsa's apartment is the perfect setting for this troubling story; a place where every open door keeps you farther away from what you can see beyond them.
There is no textual evidence in the story which explicitly tells us the cause of Gregor's fate. Isolation All of the action in the story takes place within Gregor's apartment. . What do we do with Gregor? In most of Kafka's stories, though to varying degrees, an overpowering father figure plays a decisive role. Part 3 One evening, the cleaning lady leaves Gregor's door open while three boarders, whom the family has taken on for additional income, lounge about the living room. Only a writer like Franz Kafka can deliver such a transformation that downgrades the importance of a son in the eyes of his own family because he is now unable to earn money.
He tries to get out of bed, but is incapable of moving his body. Significantly, it is Grete, the character to show the most sympathy toward Gregor, who decides they must get rid of him. Yet he comes to accept, as he must, the irreversibility of his new condition. His family decides to take a bit of a holiday to the country. In this paper you will write an in-depth analysis using your own ideas, scholarly research, and excerpts from the story in the form of quotes, paraphrase, or summary.
Theme 10 Absurdity of Life The strange story of a man turns into a bug is entirely an absurd idea. One of the boarders spots Gregor, and the rest become alarmed. Kafka doesn't dwell on the point, and Gregor doesn't seem to think of it at all, but this act of covering up the picture with his body has overt sexual overtones in that Gregor presses it against a part of his body that is, in essence, nude. Horrified by Gregor's appearance, his mother faints, and the manager bolts out of the apartment. It's worth noting that a similar reversal of roles happens with the father when Gregor become the provider of the family.
In the end, his room is barely cleaned and his sister no longer cares about what food she brings him. Some of the themes from this novel have been explored below. He is essentially given a death sentence. That Georg has a guilty conscience is evident. One way to approach this assignment is to focus on how Gregor adapts to his new and changing situation. According to Kafka, what the old and the young Bendemann have in common is symbolized by the distant friend, from whom they emerge in opposition to each other.
It runs throughout the novel parallel to various other themes. Gregor's self-chosen sacrifice has been senseless. As Gregor begins to adjust to himself, he is also becoming more and more isolated from humanity and confined to his small space. Despite having sacrificed his life for his family, he expects nothing in return and feels guilty that Grete is now forced to bring him food. The juxtaposition of these two adverbs illustrates the futility of empirical logic in the face of the Absolute and its unfathomable judgment.
Essentially he has become totally isolated from everyone around him, including those people he cares for like Grete and his mother. Indeed, in contrast to Gregor's deterioration and ultimate death, Grete's fortunes and those of her family are steadily improving. Thus the reader finds himself confronted with Gregor's horrible fate and is left in doubt about the source of Gregor's doom and the existence of enough personal guilt to warrant such a harsh verdict. Gregor injures himself squeezing back through the doorway, and his father slams the door shut. In the form of a motor bus, life silences a suicide, illustrating that his death is of interest only to him. As those interactions become more and more unbearable for Gregor and his family, he is further isolated from human contact and interaction.