He was a long-term close associate of John and Robert Kennedy and an important figure in the White House, and the tapes do show that he attended some of the meetings concerned with the crisis. Yet because of the numerical superiority of the Red Army and of the Chinese Army, the U. The primary example of this was the shooting down of the American U-2 spy plane over Cuba on October 27. Are you concerned that time will be wasted if you are absent from class? The missiles were believed to be capable of reaching virtually every part of the United States--except for the upper northwest corner of Washington state--and parts of Latin America. The Soviets, for their part, acutely felt the inferiority of their nuclear deterrent. First and foremost, I would like to say that the film is not meant to be the last word, or the first word, on the Cuban Missile Crisis. The Soviets were worried about postwar unity among the U.
The chiefs of staff unanimously recommended bombing Cuba and then following up with an invasion. This was a massive operation with 6000 acts of sabotage committed in Cuba. During the crisis, Castro was sure the U. Newsweek's Laura Fording asked Theodore Ted Sorensen, special counsel to John F. Second, the movie misrepresents the military. In subsequent years, the countries negotiated a nuclear test ban treaty. In the early 1960s, America was only beginning to face the economic drain of Vietnam, mounting deficits and the dollar crisis.
Eisenhower was president of the United States and his administration welcomed the new leader of Cuba, Fidel Castro. This film is not based on the book of the same name written by Robert F. Russian Premier Khrushchev was also under pressure from the emerging Sino-Soviet split, and was looking for safe avenues to appear militant and shore up the Warsaw Pact as well as its reputation in the Third World and nonaligned bloc. They were more astute and measured in their approach than many of their contemporaries. He played an important role, as the movie correctly demonstrates.
McNamara, Kennedy review and discuss options of confrontation. If the military had gotten their way, I think it's quite clear now that there would have been a nuclear war. Designed to help policymakers, students, and interested citizens draw lessons from these critical events half a century ago, this site not only provides background on the crisis that brought the world to the brink of nuclear disaster in October 1962 but also offers tools to understand how it can inform contemporary policy. Romaticizing the Kennedys Thirteen Days romanticizes the Kennedys once again. While it is a film that should be widely viewed, one hopes that some movie-goers will take it as a starting point to delve into the history and transcend in their understanding the one-sided picture of the crisis presented on-screen. Kennedy, for his impressions of the film.
Students today barely recall the cold war they were around 10 when the Berlin Wall fell , and the Cuban missile crisis may as well have happened in 1066. Nevertheless, Kennedy had his limits. We all heard about it. Thirteen Days has no scenes in Havana or Moscow. On one hand you have the Communists of the Soviet Union, whose desire to bring all of Europe under their heel would nearly spark a war that would annihilate the human race.
Description: In 1962, at the height of the Cold War, the U. However, Kennedy is reluctant to follow through, because a U. One of those conversations was a decision not to show on national television the photographs of the missile site that Stevenson later showed at the United Nations Security Council with the president's authority. The Bay of Pigs invasion was a fiasco. And they tried to argue Kennedy out of his decision to postpone direct military action and announce a blockade so that Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev could have time to consider peacefully withdrawing the nuclear missiles he had secretly and deceptively introduced into Cuba. Ambassador Adlai Stevenson confronts the Soviets at the U. What about when your character said he couldn't even do the other version--the airstrike version--of the speech? » Thirteen Days brings back the good old fashioned and I mean good nailbiter film here and even if you know history thus knowing the outcome , there is still some good stuff here.
Both sides contributed to the crisis, although most Western historians believe that the gravest responsibility lies with Khrushchev and the Soviets. Viewers who know this movie is about a real event will leave the theater shivering with the understanding of what the Cold War could have brought. The movie skews many small points and a few large ones. President and his advisers must come up with a plan of action to prevent their activation. Thus, a lot of academic histories and even memoir reconstructions of the crisis have supposed that it arose out of U. Anything that weakened the credibility of this threat could have forced the U. So to protect American interests, the government of the United States always involved itself with.
After the missiles had been removed, President Kennedy described the process of crisis management by stating that one must be firm, obtain the best information possible, and act with care. It is often referred to as a docudrama as it is very entertainment oriented but still remains close to the roots of what actually happened. This failure, known as the Bay of Pigs, only secured Castro's as well as Cuba's power. At its best the film should prick the curiosity of viewers about the actual history of the Cuban Missile Crisis and lead them to reflect on its lessons and implications. After the Cuban Missile Crisis, the superpowers moved to reduce the risk of a nuclear confrontation. In this film, age plays a role in the movie to present the differences in how they show the intimacy of their relationships. This paper will highlight the details of the Cuban Missile Crisis and explain exactly what happened with the event that almost escalated into nuclear war.
His speech was the single most important victory in the propaganda war that was such an important part of the Cuban Missile Crisis. I mean, you would have been, you would have been impeached. This point in American history also caused long lasting tension between the United States and Cuba and posed as the most terrifying 13 days in United States history. The effort to place missiles in Cuba was an effort by the Russians to improve their nuclear capability quickly and inexpensively. Posted February 2001 One of the most jarring things I discovered when I taught my first undergraduate course on the American presidency in the fall of 1979 was that my students were 3 years old during the Cuban missile crisis.