These revenue generators are also responsible for other activities that go into a company's successful day-to-day operations, such as sales. The future of business: the essentials 4th, student ed. Each exercises command over his subordinates. This provides him an ample opportunity to enhance his capabilities and organisational abilities and is greatly helpful in his overall development and performance. All the activities pertaining to single department are controlled by one person. Barnad offers some guidance on what managers can do to raise the odds that their commands will be accepted and obeyed. Staff Functions The primary purpose of staff positions in most companies is to provide assistance and specialized advice and expertise to colleagues in line positions.
Line and Staff Organisation : The line and staff organisation is an improvement over the above mentioned two viz, line organisation and functional organisation. Line positions are occupied by line personnel and line managers. It leads to conflict and confusion in the minds of the workers to whom they should obey and whom they should ignore. To ensure that line and staff personnel do work together productively, management must make sure both groups understand the organizational mission, have specific objectives, and realize that they are partners in helping the organization reach its objectives. This can affect the efficient running of the enterprise. Similarly in organisation, line officers get the advice of the staff which is very helpful in carrying on the task in an efficient manner.
Line managers make the majority of the decisions and direct line personnel to achieve company goals. Increasingly organizations, especially smaller ones, are beginning to move away from line-staff structures to structures that are more hybrid or. For example, personal assistant to general manager, secretary to manager etc. There is scope of flexibility for staff functions to take more responsibility in the interest of organisation. Staff and line are names given to different types of functions in organizations. This way every officer or official can concentrate in its own area.
He or she does not actively engage in profit-making activities, but does provide legal support to those who do. Line authority flows down the chain of command. The distinguishing characteristic between simple line organizations and line-and-staff organizations is the multiple layers of management within line-and-staff organizations. Organizational Theory, Design, and Change. In a line organization, top management has complete control, and the chain of command is clear and simple. Like I said above, that manager doesn't have to have people to manage. Sound Decisions: In this type, the decisions are made by experts and hence, there is a possibility of making sound managerial decisions.
Moreover, a company's attorneys are part of this group. Lack of proper understanding of authority: Failure to understand authority causes misunderstandings between the line and staff. The eight specialist foremen are: a Route Clerk, b Instructions Card Clerk, c Time and Cost Clerk, d Shop Disciplinarian, e Gang Boss, f Speed Boss, g Repair Boss, and h Inspector. Co-ordination: It helps to achieve effective co- ordination. With clearly defined lines of authority and responsibility, each group may better understand their role in the organization.
Lack of demarcation between line and staff authority: In practice it is difficult to make a distinction between line and staff authority. They render specialised service to the organisation. A brief explanation of these eight functional foremen is given below: a Route clerk: He lays down the exact path or route to be followed by raw material transforming it into finished product. Link to this page: line and staff. These are hence called as line functions. He thought that to be successful in performing his duties a foreman should possess various qualities viz.
People directly responsible for these areas within the organization are delegated line authority to assist them in performing their obligatory activities. This is explained in the Fig 1. Support staff positions are clerks, secretaries and data processors. Such authority relationships act as a cohesive force and integrate the whole organization. The line executive can concentrate on the execution of plans and they get relieved of dividing their attention to many areas. Each area has brigade under brigadier-generals, each brigade is fabricated into regiments under its colonels, each regiment into battalions under majors, each battalion into companies under captains, each company sub-divided under its lieutenants and so on drawn to corporal with his squad. In simple words, the orders are received by the subordinates from one boss.
The effective health care supervisor 6th ed. The marketing department works to raise consumer awareness of the products and services, while the sales group initiates customer transactions. Functional authority is referred to as limited line authority. This makes staff managers feel that line do not need staff. Completed staff work: Completed staff work denotes careful study of the problem, identifying possible alternatives for the problem, and providing recommendations based on the compiled facts.
While both hierarchies have their own chains of command, a line manager may have direct control over staff employees but a staff manager may have no such power over the line employees. Finance plays a role of supporting both production and marketing. Article shared by : Line and Staff Organizations: Need, Importance, Merits and Limitation!. But even in such cases where line takes its own decisions without consulting staff , if anything goes wrong, staff is made responsible. The sociology of organizations classic, contemporary, and critical readings 3. Resistance to new ideas: Line managers resist new ideas as they feel implementing new ideas means something is wrong with the present way of working.