Removal of poverty by the rapid development of agriculture and modern industries. Narasimha became head of the party and, after Congress won a plurality in parliament later that year,. It was the first time the Congress had lost government control since independence. If we young dont do then who will. Follow the Indian National Congress on Facebook:. The is all set to welcome its new president, nearly two decades after was elected to the post. Nine resolutions were passed in this first session.
In the All India Congress Committee, 446 of its 705 members walked over to Indira's side. He was a staunch advocate of female education, widow remarriage abolition of untouchability. The Bengalee,a daily newspaper founded by S N Banerjee, became the chief instrument of spreading and revenue generation of this association. They were not given the higher posts. April 2017 Many Muslim community leaders, like the prominent educationalist , viewed the Congress negatively, owing to its membership being dominated by Hindus. He was called the sobriquet Rashtraguru. Seven Indian Prime Ministers have been elected from the party and six others had been former members.
The moderates were more educated and wanted to win people's faith to lead the nation to independence without bloodshed. After Nehru's death, the party began to lose support. The Congress of 1906 did not have public membership, and thus Tilak and his supporters were forced to leave the party. He was later knighted and became the first Indian to be a member of the British House of Lords. The Congress Party of India. In its initial days, the party was not formed to demand independence from British rule. A freedom fighter, he also controversially asked for India to be divided into a Hindu and Muslim state in 1923.
Commonly regarded as Maulana Azad, the leader was conferred Bharat Ratna posthumously. He, along with the young and Mrs. Follow Rahul Gandhi on YouTube: Facebook: Twitter: Instagram:. The most intense Congress activity was in Eastern India, where the major figures included Surendranath Banerjee and Bipin Chandra Pal, and in Western India, where the acknowledged stalwarts were Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Gopal Krishna Gokhale. Commonly regarded as Babuji, he was a leader for the backward classes, untouchables and exploited labour. Besant was a sociologist, theosophist, social reformer and an advocate of Indian self-rule. However, among all these organisations, the Indian Association established under the leadership of Surendra Natli Banerjee and Anand Mohan Bose, actively attempted to form a strong public opinion against the unjust policies of the British Government.
Rajagopalachari and Tandon were marginalized, and the Congress Party's election fortunes began depending solely on Nehru's leadership and popularity. In the 1971 national elections and the 1972 state elections Gandhi's faction won strong victories, but, in a reaction against her emergency rule, it lost the election of 1977. She was elected as president in 1959 and presided over the Delhi special session. The starting of railways and other means of communication also brought the people nearer. Mitra, Subrata, Mike Enskat, and Clemens Spiess, eds.
Seventy two invited delegates from different parts of India assembled in this first session. In December 1884, Allan Octavian Hume presided over a private meeting with 17 men after a Theosophical convention in Madras. He is regarded as Pandit Nehru due to roots his in the Kashmiri Pandit community. The reason you might be confusing it with b … eing called the 'hindu national congress' is simply because it was biased towards Hindus. National Congress attempted to fulfill their hope and aspirations. Gandhi would not let Muslims join the congress.
Womesh Chandra Bonnerjee also known as Umesh Chandra Banerjee was elected as the first president of the first meeting of the Congress that included 72 other delegates. Please seek prior permission before using any part of this video in any form. The perception of bodies like the Congress was that of an elitist, then educated and wealthy people's institution. For more videos, subscribe to Congress Party channel:. There were differences among the top leadership of the Congress about how to take the party forward. If i get a reply from Mr Rahul Gandhi for this mail i will really believe that he really wants to hear the people and will work as is doing today. She joined the party as a primary member at the 1997 plenary session and was elected president in 1998.
Though close to Mahatma Gandhi, he was often critical of him. The Congress I returned her to power in 1980, but she was assassinated in 1984. The aim was to lay down certain basic tasks and objectives before and to struggle incessantly and together. He was one of the leading figures that demanded official language status for Hindi. He went on to become the ninth president of India. He resented the denial of freedom of expression for nationalists, and the lack of any voice or role for ordinary Indians in the affairs of their nation.
Amidst this, in 1967, a new coalition, under the banner of the Samyukta Vidhayak Dal, won control over several states in the Hindi belt. Robinson, Indian National Congress 1885—1985 1987. Muslims formed the All India Muslim League in 1906, considering the Congress as completely unsuitable for Indian Muslims. First meeting of Indian National Congress Image courtesy : Wikipedia. He was chancellor from 1928-36. Following the assassination of during the 1991 election campaign, P. After independence the Congress, hitherto an all-embracing national movement, was transformed into a.
One of the world's largest and oldest political parties of its kind, the Indian National Congress was formed on December 28, 1885, by British civil servant Allan Octavian Hume. Differences arose in 1939 on whether Bose should have a second term. This became the Indian National Congress. He is credited for the formation of University Grants Commission and the Indian Institutes of Technology. This trend was personified by , considered by many as the eldest Indian statesman. On the other hand, Morarji Desai, Charan Singh, V P Singh, Chandra Sekhar, H D Deve Gowda, I K Gujral had been members of the Congress before their appointment. A year earlier, in the 1938 election, however, Bose had been elected with the support of Gandhi.