The first alternative is somewhat more comforting than the second since it implies that the speaker has had some sort of epiphany about her own mind and is now mentally strong enough to convey her experience in rational, ordered language. In the third stanza a box is introduced. The plank is part of reason, though, and it gives way. The poem withholds this information. Paula Bennett In a series of poems beginning in the early 1860s, Dickinson describes what might best be called her fall from metaphysical grace and the epistemological impact this event had upon her. It was a very ordinary day about three years ago. It is known that, in 1862, she sent some of her poems to , a prominent essayist whom she had never met and who showed little initial appreciation for her work although he did gradually befriend Dickinson and help get her work in print after her death.
The poem cannot represent a literal funeral, since people do not feel funerals, they attend them. She attempts to explain this painful emotion through this poem using a variety of literary techniques that include metaphor, symbolism, personification and others. As they toss the coffin into the grave, her soul arises into new life. Till now the entire action ceremony has taken place in the brain of the speaker. The heart and silence are different than all above and it is jealous of not beating like the footsteps.
We hope that the article has helped you delve deeper into the poem and understand what the poet actually wants to convey. In the second way of reading the poem's last line, according not only to its variant but also to its variant grammar, knowing is what begins at the poem's end, rather than what concludes. The poem resists being pinned down. The poem describes her mental breakdown, her collapse into insanity from a perch of depressed and fragile sanity. The funeral suggests the loss of something, but is it reason and sanity that are lost, or is it reason and sanity that kill off something else? Dickinson, Emily, The Complete Poems of Emily Dickinson, Little, Brown and Company, 1960. A merely sequential movement of the verse would have to be modulated to highlight the central importance of this moment. At the end of the service, she feels as though a church bell were ringing inside her head.
The narrator has shifted the perspective from its seat in the physical brain to an abstract and elusive vantage point, the soul. The poem in fact reads like a miniature narrative, beginning with a crisis the funeral and the pain , moving toward a climactic encounter, and then achieving resolution. Thus the funeral imagery, replete with mourners, coffin, and service, seems both to distract from the poem's subject of repression and to insist on the severity of its consequences. Lee surrenders to Union forces. In the second way of reading the line, despite the attempt to personify silence, the speaker rather depersonalizes the self to the point of obliteration. The metaphor of the funeral brings in ideas of mourning, closure, depression, blankness and inactivity.
All through her downward journey, she bumps into numerous worlds on her way, and finally, the journey comes to an end. The plank stands for a kind of scaffolding across the open grave. Today: While transcendentalism is no longer the vibrant philosophical force it was during the nineteenth century, millions of readers still pore over the works of Emerson and Thoreau, hoping to glean some insight from these two important American thinkers. . It is over for her. She realizes that her 'sanity' wasn't of much use to her at all. But all emotions associated with a funeral are felt in the mind of the speaker.
In either case, what the poem is able to do with words has ended. Wolff stresses the importance of time, which is another distinct line in the poem. I was surprised by her kindness. Wolff, Cynthia Griffin, Emily Dickinson, Alfred A. But, finally, effectively, if it is 'about' anything, it is about dread.
Something gravely important has happened. On the surface, this poem is about death or, possibly, madness. Suto 2014 , using the social network theoretical frame in this study, discussed how public relations use social media such as twitter to reach their goal of building relationships. After the mourners have arrived, the service begins. On the surface level, the poem deals with physical death; however, on the other hand, it can be described as the death of sanity. The speaker's physical being is one gigantic ear listening to the toll of the bell. Today: The is perhaps the most widely studied period in American history; many contemporary artists are drawn to the Civil War as an inspiration for their work.
Since what is in the brain that can be buried is a thought, the poem, I have argued, represents ambivalence about making a thought unconscious. Now the reference to 'space and its 'toll' suggests that the theatre of action is the external world. The mourners sit down, and the funeral service begins. For the speaker seems to personify silence and identify herself with it. As a young, timid boy aged nine years, I was scared at the thought of being left in the hands of a towering, deep voiced figure that was Miss Gladys.