Audience - For what type of reader is the author writing? This allows you to combine important search terms or phrases. Enter the name of the journal and click browse. On the search page, look for the Limit to Scholarly Peer Reviewed Journals if you only want scholarly articles. This ties in with the type of journal, as popular magazine are geared to the general reader, while trade magazines are for the specialist and scholarly journals are directed at researchers, scholars or experts in the field. Finding articles So where do we start? Librarians should be aware of the various quality indicators and tools that are available for use by their constituents in evaluating potential places of publication.
Try to read your work as if you were someone else. Library databases are the best place to find articles on a specific topic. Is the primary purpose to publish new knowledge and original research scholarly , provide news and information relevant to professional practice trade , or entertain, persuade, and inform popular? Use the answers to the questions in the section Analyze the Text to develop the summary. If the author doesn't include this content, leaves out steps or doesn't explain how the validity is established, there is reason to question the credibility of the resource. Pour quel type de lecteur l'auteur écrit-il? Does the discussion merely repeat the results? A journal article does not have to be free of bias or prejudice. After all, anyone can write web content about a topic, regardless of their level of expertise.
Government agencies, universities and established organizations or associations are also typically sources with authority. Taking the example above, they would have likely acknowledged such a potential limitation in the Sampling section of their journal article i. Does it accurately summarize the article? The articles almost always follow the pattern of having introduction, methods, results, discussion, conclusion, and bibliography sections. If they simply state that the other papers were wrong without explaining why, or worse yet simply ignore the other papers, you should be very suspicious. Are sections divided logically into subsections or paragraphs? Use two out of the following three methods on this page to determine if the articles you have found are peer-reviewed.
Approach B Another common way to structure a journal article critique is the following: Introduction In the introduction, cite the journal article in full and provide a summary of the journal article. For example the looks like a legitimate journal, and indeed it claims to be one, but it is and cranks out one absurd and fundamentally flawed study after another. What was the objective of the study? Retrieved July 31, 2006, from. You can't just take the main journal article at face value. Oh Ron, I keep hoping that one of these days you are going to give an actual argument rather than an ad hominem rant that completely lacks substance. Are there discrepancies between the results in the text and those in the tables? Is all the material organized under the appropriate headings? Establish the Research Context Once you are reasonably familiar with the article, it is important to gain an understanding of the research context, both societal and intellectual.
Rather than these research limitations becoming a big problem, you can usually simply acknowledge what the problems were, explain why they were problems, and justify the choices that were made. Acquire the necessary background knowledge Scientific papers are written in the language of science. These steps are based on a detailed description of how to analyse and evaluate a research article provided by Wood 2003 in her lab guide. Writing your Critique Two possible approaches You have completed your analysis and evaluation of the journal article. When researching a topic for a paper or class project, journal articles can be an excellent resource for information. ¿Ha ganado reconocimientos y honores? The better journals, generally have tougher standards of peer review with better reviewers.
Researching the Critique The questions listed under many of the subheadings in this section may provide you with a good place to begin understanding what you are looking for and what form your critique might take. Is the bias hidden or stated?. New statistical methods are constantly introduced into the medical literature and articles are using increasingly sophisticated methods. Does the journal publish research you would read yourself? But it is still a good idea to evaluate them. Is your critique fair and balanced, and do the examples you included support your argument? Does it clearly lay out the groundwork? All journals covered within Scopus and Web of Science are peer-reviewed. A journal is considered more rigorous and scholarly if it is peer reviewed. When looking at the review articles and the sources in the reference list, determine whether any of the same sources were used.
The article should include the procedure, sample, sample selection and data-gathering tools. These include newspapers, popular magazines, and academic or scholarly journals. Bringing up scientists in the art of critiquing research. You can now begin to evaluate the author's research. Are column headings and labels accurate? In addition to simply reading these components of the Literature Review section of the main journal article, you can also a use the review articles to learn about them in more depth, as well as b read the sources set out in the reference list of the main journal article. If you are doing a survey of popular culture, for example, popular magazines would be a useful primary source. At the bottom, you can see that this journal is peer-reviewed.
What kind of information is produced by using the technique? Rather, you should always read and critique the original paper for yourself that goes for any papers that I talk about on this blog as well. How did each result contribute to answering the question or testing the hypothesis raised in the introduction? When reading a journal article, determine whether or not the author has included facts from all sides of an issue, or if he is only presenting one side. Publishing schedule: The periodicity at which a journal publishes shall be clearly indicated. Again, we'll follow the progress of Anthony Gomez as he evaluates an article from the the scholarly journal Language and Learning Across the Disciplines for use in his research project on service learning programs in colleges. Rather, they are guidelines to help you judge how confident you should be in the results and how much time you need to invest in critically analyzing the paper.
So you should never rely on someone else to examine the study for you. It is geared to other researchers in the same subject. An article published on a personal blog or self-publishing site is not likely to be of the same quality as one published in a scholarly journal. Is the argument or presentation understandable? Is the article sufficiently up-to-date for your purpose? I want to be very clear about what I am saying here. Ketchum submitted her work to concluded that her results were nonsense and promptly rejected her paper. Fortunately, journals require researchers to declare conflicts of interest, so it is easy for you to see whether or not a paper has any.