And it comes up for good reason: You can look at several different books, newspapers or magazine articles and see it handled several different ways. If you're only citing a single contribution to an edited volume with multiple authors, rather than the volume itself, list the name of the author of that contribution as the author. This is one of those pesky questions that comes up all the time: Should I underline or italicize book titles in my writing? Type the author's last name first, followed by a comma and a space. List only the page number in parentheses if you mention the author by name in the text. Articles and other works that do not provide an author attribution should begin with the title of the work.
If the book has a subtitle, add it in sentence case after the title. If you cite more than one paper by the same first author, sort them by year of publication, earliest year first. For example: Gillespie, Paul and Neal Lerner. No author: Cite the first few words of the reference entry usually the title and the year. Put in parentheses the author s last names, the year, and optionally the page number s separated by commas.
List only the year of publication and page number in parentheses if you mention the author by name in the text. However, the source is usually thanked in your Acknowledgments for their contribution. How these commas are placed is a matter of debate for some people, since many are starting to avoid using the Oxford comma. Following the author's name, there is a series of information that more specifically details the reference. Cite references in the flow of the text as shown above. Write the name of the author in parentheses, along with the year a work was published and the page number you are referencing. Clearly, an author's last name is not enough information for readers to know exactly where the outside information came from.
Generally, you'll place an in-text citation at the end of every sentence in which you've either paraphrased or quoted ideas or language from the source. Guide to Writing a Research Paper Use the following as a. Citing References in the Body Intro and Discussion of the Paper Throughout the body of your paper primarily the Intro and Discussion , whenever you refer to outside sources of information, you must cite the sources from which you drew information. You have a few options. Place the year of publication in parentheses.
In your bibliography, type the author's last name first, followed by a comma and a space. If your paper includes a direct quotation from one of the sources you have listed in your reference list, type the page or pages where that specific quote appears in parentheses at the end of the quote. Coming home for Christmas: Stories about college life 2nd ed. When writing a term paper for a college class, you may often be asked to provide citations within the text identifying the sources from which you are drawing information. Each additional line of each entry should be indented a reasonable amount. Use a date sufficiently specific for the item.
So what does this mean for you? This is why writers need to include a at the end of all researched essays: the in-text citation references something more fully listed in the works cited page. For instance, you may wish to specify which chapter of a book you are referring to. The name of the article is listed immediately after the publication date. Example: I read Lord of the Flies in high school. Close your footnote with the page number or range where the paraphrased or quoted material can be found, followed by a period.
Use the author's name and page number for in-text citations. If the reference is a journal article, provide the volume number and page numbers. The Evolution of Sibling Rivalry. Coming home for Christmas: Stories about college life. Include the words unpublished manuscript and the date of the version consulted, if possible for electronic files, a last-saved or last-modified date may be appropriate. Learning how to follow one such set of rules is a worthwhile exercise.
Take the information and put it into your own words; avoid paraphrasing since this can potentially lead to. The Works Cited page s is the final page s of the essay, and on it, there should be the correct page number s. This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. Place a period at the end of your bibliography entry. Place a period at the end of the name of the publisher. Additional formatting, such as quotation marks or underlining, depends on the overall style expectations for the paper. Dreaming of other worlds pp.