The man continues to try to control the girl, down to where she walks and what she feels and wants. In fact, by pushing the issue to the point that the girl has to beg him to stop talking, the American is demonstrating just how unsupportive and indifferent he is toward her true feelings on the matter. They have plans to take a train from Barcelona to Madrid, but they have to wait for forty minutes and order some drinks. In conclusion, Hills like White Elephants are a story about crisis. Hence, a white elephant is a burden. Symbolism is the art or practice of using symbols, especially by investing things with a symbolic meaning or by expressing the invisible or intangible by means of visible or sensuous representations merriam-webster.
While they wait, they have an intense ongoing debate on whether or not to abort Jig. At the end of the story, the train is about to arrive and the man carries luggage on the tracks as they prepare to leave. In this paper I will prove that the girl in the story, who's name is Jig, finally decides to go ahead and have the baby even though the man, who does not have a name, wants her to have an abortion. Have students analyze the dilemma the Jig is facing as they read and speculate on the potential outcomes of the her choice. Gender Roles Jig, the woman, seems to need permission from the American man to get a drink, to try a new drink, etc.
The lovers seem to be torn: the woman wants one thing and the man another. He also frequently says she doesn't have to do it if she doesn't want to, which indicates that he's describing an elective procedure. Mikhail Shimonov Professor Kaufman March 28, 2011 Critical Analysis of Hills like White Elephants At first glance, Hills like White Elephants by Ernest Hemingway, may allude to many interpretations, however, the short story has a clear purpose. It is set at a train station in between Barcelona and Madrid. This sort of duality runs throughout the text. Jig is still weighing the possibility of becoming a mother because she has not yet made a decision as to whether she will abort the baby or not.
It is clear throughout the story that the girl who is never named does not speak Spanish, while her boyfriend does. Instead the reader must conclude the meaning of the story from a conversation between a couple, a girl and her American boyfriend. Both of the characters have specific lines in the story where it is apparent that they have major communication problems. Again, this gives the reader the opinion that her decision, and her decision alone, will alter their life forever. It had no trust in the moral conventions and codes of the past. Students can create a storyboard capturing the narrative arc in a work with a six-cell storyboard containing the major parts of the plot diagram. In the end, the girl doesn't get to make her decision as a woman because she doesn't actually become one, and with that stark reality, 'Hills Like White Elephants' condemns the practice of preventing ladies from making any choice they wish.
This has led to varying interpretations of the story. Planned Parenthood now states that an abortion is one of the safest medical procedures a woman can have, with a 99% safety record. The overuse of two is definitely symbolic within the story. Even today, most readers are still puzzled by the story. Her body being the fertile land on which the white hills were. People that study Hemingway's works try to gain insight and draw natural conclusions about Hemingway and his life.
The Man is in control of the relationship. As a World War I ambulance driver at only 18 years old, Hemingway was seriously wounded by shrapnel and forced to recuperate for several months in Italy before returning to his family in the United States. As the story closes, she asks that they terminate the conversation. This story explores the themes of choices, breakdowns in communication, and gender roles. The American begins trying to convince the Jig to have an abortion.
Though the immediate problem is the unwanted pregnancy, the experience has revealed that the relationship is a shallow one. The whole story is mostly a dialogue between the couple. Hemingway implies Jig is more emotionally invested in the relationship, which for the American is clearly mostly about sex. This leads the reader to believe that, although it is the couple's problem, the woman holds all responsibility and the right to make the decision. Then, such authors as Dickens or Trollope would often address their readers directly. This is the reality of what Jig is going through. Then, as soon as they begin talking about the hills that look like white elephants, the girl asks to order more drinks.
It was a something that would be looked down upon. Hemingway gave just enough information so that readers could draw their own conclusions. He presents only the conversation between them and allows his readers to draw their own conclusions. Hemingway uses dialogue to develop conflict to show that even without a lot of clues, the couple is still arguing about something. The American is anxious that Jig have the abortion and gives lip service to the fact that he still loves Jig and will love her whether she has the procedure done or not.
Another possible interpretation of the Absinthe relates to its appeal and effects. This couple is at a critical point in their lives when they must decide whether or not to have an abortion. The English expression 'avoiding the elephant in the room' colorfully indicates a situation in which someone refuses to address a typically weighty, important, or just obvious topic. Authors can instill additional meaning through the text by the tone that is set and the way dialogue is written. The two decide to try a new drink, the anis del toro, with water. Both the American and the girl drink alcohol throughout their conversation. However, those in favor of a woman's right to choose argue very different moral points in support of legalized abortion, not the least of which is a woman's inherent right to make decisions concerning her own body.
The American man seems to think it will save their relationship and put everything back to normal, but Jig realizes that it is not a trivial decision. The narrative seems to be purely objective, somewhat like a newspaper or journal article, and in true Hemingway form the story ends abruptly, without the couple's conflict clearly being resolved. Jig wants to have a beer, and then she wants to try the Anis del Toro. They will lose their carefree lifestyle, and having a baby is a lifetime commitment. This comment leads to a brief bickering match over whether the man may or may not have seen a white elephant.