Income inequality and socio-political status are the basic characteristics of a class system. Given these functions, family is regarded as a cornerstone of society. Unlike caste systems, class systems are open. Caste systems correlate with high status consistency, whereas the more flexible class system has lower status consistency. The people who live in these houses most likely share similar levels of income and education. Caste systems shape people's lives in four crucial ways: â¢ Caste system largely determines occupation â¢ Caste systems largely mandate endogamy â¢ Powerful cultural beliefs underlie caste systems â¢ Caste systems limit outgroup social contacts g. Some scholars contend that schools preparatory, nursery, primary are biased in favour of high-middle and upper class students.
To measure social class standing, sociologists have developed three main methods: a. Of course, like all other social science statistics, these are not without controversy. The traditional castes of India: â¢ Brahmans: mostly priests and scholars. Weber saw three dimensions of social stratification in terms of a continuum. Teachers, for example, often have high levels of education but receive relatively low pay.
Bourdon argues that there are two ways of removing the secondary effects of stratification. The Causes of Slavery A common assumption about slavery is that it is generally based on racism. Witt, 2010 In simpler terms, stratification is the social inequality in groups of people divided by wealth, power, and rewards in society. They come to understand that rewards are associated with performance. Modern society views education as an important societal resource and a means of achieving the goal of egalitarianism. Thus memberships are ascribed at birth, and children automatically assume the same position as their parents.
Singh, Ashish, and Sripad Motiram. It creates a huge gulf between the people in terms of their incomes and a range of measures associated with social position, education, health, and psychological well-being. Social stratification causes social disparity and many problems as it is an unjust system with monopoly of power and wealth in a particular group. People now find it much easier to identify and travel to countries which champion social mobility. Theoretically, we can analyze social stratification from three major perspectives. Some thus assume it as ordered levels, though possessing no equal intervals between categories, each category… 1747 Words 7 Pages Between Social Class and Educational Achievement Many sociologists have tried to explore the link between social class and educational achievement, measuring the effects of one element upon the other. These class differentials can be reinforced by privatization of education, where money has a great role to play in perpetuating this disparity.
Ascribed Status and Life Chances B. This system is known as sponsored mobility. His work has important implications for practical solutions to the problem of inequality of education opportunity. This emphasis on self-effort perpetuates the belief that people control their own social standing. The Concept of Social Care and the Analysis of Contemporary Welfare States. He proves this by presenting myths… 1887 Words 8 Pages Sociology Essay In what ways do social class, gender and ethnicity intersect with educational attainment and participation? Social Stratification is patterned social inequality. Society is not static and social mobility and social change are ongoing processes.
These are the people for whom poverty is a persistent problem. Children from solid socio-economic background are likely to perform better than those from weak background, those who attend standard schools are likely to be open to better learning environment than those in poorly equipped schools while those who offer professional courses are likely to succeed better in life than those with less prestigious courses. The Effects of Parental Socio-Economic Status on Academic Performance of Students in Selected Schools in Edu Lga of Kwara State Nigeria. The majority of Americans will never see the view from the top. Nearly thirteen years into the new millennium and so many of the gaps most noticeable within the education system in the twentieth century have been closed. The constant standoff between Muslims and Christians in Nigeria is one example.
New Delhi: Pearson, 2007 Gandhi, Raj S. They have little chance of moving up the ladder. Deshpande, Rajeshwari, and Suhas Palshikar. The concept of meritocracy is an ideal—because a society has never existed where social rank was based purely on merit. On the other hand a poorer students could do extremely well in an attempt to free themselves from poverty.
While people are regularly categorized based on how rich or poor they are, other important factors influence social standing. Page 13 to page 21. He feels that this is the direction of economic equality as the most effective way of reducing inequality or educational opportunity. They move to urban areas or travel abroad to obtain new and additional qualifications and this move or seeking can affect social mobility. The most important aspect of social stratification is the extremely important point of social inequality. All Education should be tuition free. Structural functionalists argue that social stratification is beneficial for a society, while a conflict theorist would argue that, rather than benefiting society as a whole, stratification provides some people with advantages over others.