The dramatic purpose of the prologue in 'Oedipus Rex' is twofold. Ironically, he has run madly into the very ditch which he has been running so madly to avoid throughout his life. To reveal the murder in this part of the play is an important factor of creating suspense among the readers. Creon tells Oedipus that he has no intentions of being king. His pride of conquering the Sphinx led him to the marriage of Jocasta, his mother.
Out of anger, at not being able to find the murderer of Laius, Oedipus intends to curse the murderer. Oedipus destiny has been written out for him. In the past, he saved them from the Sphinx, so they trust that he can solve this problem as well. Oedipus Rex is a Greek tragedy, which means it's going to end tragically. When avenging Jocasta's previous husband, and his true father, King Laius' death, he was blinded by his pride to the concept that perhaps he was the murderer. Sophocles decided to open the play with the ruling of Oedipus as King of Thebes.
The degree of irony and the effect it has depends upon the readers' grasp and recognition of some discrepancy between two things. However, he is actually cursing himself. Here we are singling out only some of the most prominent. Oedipus he will gain something form the people of Thebes by finding the murderer of liaus it creates suspense, as the reader will want to know what will happen next. He is a man who does not need eye sight to see the truth and Oedipus is just the opposite — he who can see with his eyes is blind to the truth standing before him. In replay Oedipus starts the search for any clues that may lead him to the murderer and puts a curse on the man who killed Laius.
To her surprise, she'll soon discover what God wants them to know, and what we already know, that the oracles' prophecies were right. His ring I do accept most thankfully. The moments of dramatic irony as exemplified in the quotes we discussed ultimately demonstrate Oedipus' inability to recognize and avoid his own downfall. All throughout the play, Oedipus the King, Sophocles builds the entire story using dramatic irony. He became a victim to an ill fate unknowingly. Another pitiable example of dramatic irony is found in the quarrel scene between Oedipus and Teiressias.
But the chorus is still in ignorance of the true implication of the messenger's news. Oedipus tried to change his fate by moving away, in reality it only brought him closer to his crossroads fate. Consequently, Sophocles points out that as much as free will takes place, life is predetermined. In this play, the readers already know the real relations between Oedipus, Jocasta and Laius. Oedipus tries his best to avoid the prophecy that Teiresias predicted; that he will murder his father and marry his mother. As seen in Oedipus Rex, Oedipus was prophesized that one day he will murder his father and sleep with his mother. The irony of Oedipus is universal, and so no one should smugly smile at Oedipus.
This is what I think makes the play a great tragedy because… 1017 Words 5 Pages Literary Essay Tenzin. These cases of dramatic irony lend pathos to the entire tragedy and enable the reader of the play or the audience to sympathize with the ignorant and the ill-fated protagonist. Sight and blindness are important themes in the play Oedipus the King, in the scene where Tiresias talks with Oedipus sight is meant to represent knowledge and blindness ignorance, but at the end of the play when Oedipus cuts out his eyes, Sophocles gives the two themes an inverse relationship and sight is meant to represent ignorance and blindness knowledge. But every step that each one takes away from unenviable fate is a regular contribution to that very destiny's fulfillment in all its horror. In this respect, the Choros is parallel to Sophocles' direct audience, the men of Athens, his audience. There are many instances where the audience knows so much more than the main characters, and Sophocles uses irony to point to Oedipus as Laius' murderer as well. The difference between the knowledge of the tragic circumstances and ignorant characters heightens the depth of the tragedy.
A general symbol of the irony used in the play is the exultation of both Oedipus and Jocasta over. Sophocles achieves his purpose, because audience attention is caught up in ever more dramatically taut and tense interactions between characters whose understanding is incomplete or downright incorrect. So O … edipus issues a decree of banishment for the murderer when his identity is known. In the story, Oedipus the king of Thebes has the cocky trait and it results in torture for life. Creon returns from the temple at Delphi with the news that Apollo wants the killers of Laius gone. We see dramatic irony when the characters do something, like expressing excitement about boarding the luxurious Titanic, or say something, such as 'God himself could not sink this ship.
You can not hurt me or any other man who sees the sun. She gives the example of the prophecy she and Laius were given: that their son would kill his father. But the most dramatic ironies are found in the speech of Oedipus. If Oedipus had not been so determined to escape and prevent the prophecy by the Oracle, he would not have fulfilled it. Oedipus the king of Thebes, son of the late King Laius and Queen Jocasta; at birth a prophecy was placed upon him that he would kill his father, marry his mother, and bare children with her. Instead of killing him, the shepherd gives him to another shepherd who takes Oedipus and gives him to King Polybus and Queen Merope from Corinth to raise. Another example of dramatic irony is the power of fate and Oedipus' powerlessness against it.
In general, irony is a very common technique used in every drama work and it is usually used by the author at times when something dramatic is about to happen the existence of which is cleverly suggested through ironic behavior of the main characters and often includes symbols, comparisons and contrasts pointing to the main idea of the author. Often times do we encounter ourselves in contradictions perhaps even ironic situations. While Tiresias and Oedipus argue at the beginning of the play, Oedipus bases his argument of why Tiresias is wrong about the fate of Thebes and its king on the fact that Tiresias is blind. Oedipus knows that he killed someone, but what he does not know is that it was Laius, the one he murder. Sophocles uses many different scenes throughout the play that portray dramatic irony. Karina Lazcano Oedipus the King by Sophocles English Literature Anderson Many will argue that fate cannot be escaped in Oedipus the King by Sophocles, where the main character is portrayed as a tragic hero with a predetermined fate.