Bear in mind the divisions and the way they are written can vary by source. Chicago Manual of Style: Booth Tarkington to George Ade, 8 May 1924, Box 10, Folder 5, George Ade Papers 1878-2007, Purdue University Archives and Special Collections, Purdue University Libraries. Corporation or Organization American Medical Association 12-43. You must also include parenthetical, or in-text, citations after each piece of information you reference. If you read an article or book which cites some information that you want to cite, always refer to the source where you found the information, not the original source.
Black Death: The Plague, by E. For traditional print sources, the publisher is the organization that issues the text. Citing a Survey If you conducted a survey, do not include it in your works cited list. First, citations allow a reader to locate information that you quote or cite, allowing them to explore a topic further and to verify your interpretations and arguments. There are several elements to the citation which may be necessary to properly cite a document such as the Booth Tarkington letter to the left.
Include a copy of the survey questions as an appendix to your paper. Note: If you only have an approximate date of creation, put it in square brackets. The easiest method is to treat the initials as a unit. The in-text citation will include the date. Record Group 510 College of Arts and Sciences, Box 2011 File 23, Vanderbilt University Archives, Nashville, Tennessee.
Footnotes In footnotes, omit the parentheses. If you are citing multiple works by the same author, include a brief title of the source. Why and how do I include quotations in my paper? The important rule of thumb is this: only divide a works-cited list if it helps readers navigate the list. Use secondary sources sparingly; you should always try to locate the original source of information which is cited in a work which you have read. There are different ways of doing in-text citations, depending on the style guide you use. In this Article: If you are composing any type of text that uses primary material, which is work produced at the time under study, you need to inform your reader about the source of your information.
The fourth item of information in a published primary citation is the publication data. Gather the information that identifies each source. Duke University provides citation for multiple primary sources with examples in every documentation style see the Resources. What do I do when there is no author? Book with an Editor Last name, First Name of editor ed. This can help you and your readers quickly and easily access the material if you want to revisit it or they want to check your work.
Any information you use that comes from another source must be cited both in and after the paper. Brainard and Frances Neel Cheney Papers, Box 16 File 20, Vanderbilt University Special Collections and University Archives. Abbreviations: Most classical authors and texts do have standard abbreviations that you may want to employ; these can be on page xxix ff. Repository: This is the name of the archives. Citing an Interview When citing an interview, do not include personal communication in your list of references. So how do you cite it in your paper? Secondly, you have an ethical responsibility to acknowledge when you use the words of others or have developed your arguments from the thoughts and work of other scholars.
If you do decide to use the quote from the source you are using, however, you must recognize both sources. At each ear a hearer. Citing your sources has two main purposes: one practical; the other ethical. It should include recipients, authors, date, and title of the document. Because of this emphasis on the date the work was created, the date will appear prominently in the citations. They fail to provide a context for the quotation and does nothing to advance the thesis.
If you accessed your archival material online, include all of the aforementioned citation information and the website at which you accessed it. The author's name may appear either in the sentence itself or in parentheses following the quotation or paraphrase, but the page number s should always appear in the parentheses, not in the text of your sentence. In most cases, you will use the author's last name and the page number. Explain why you are introducing them and what conclusion a reader should draw from them. An example of a secondary source is the book titled, The Treaty of Versaille: A Concise History , by Michael S.
See the Resources for a full category list of other primary source in text citations. If this applies to your source, include the information at the end of the entry. This information is generally located in places such as the inside cover of manuscripts, the back of photographs, or the box of films. Christopher Taylor is an Adjunct Assistant Professor of English at Austin Community College in Texas. Note: This source is written by an author known only by initials; therefore, the easiest method is to treat the initials as a unit.