The object is that theoretical focus — the analytical frame. The truth probably lies between the two and it is probably best to try and synergize the two approaches. Comparative Political Studies, 40 2 , 170-195. A few cases 2 or 3 would be literal replications, whereas a few other cases 4 to 6 might be design to pursue two different patterns of theoretical replications. American Political Science Review, 98 2 , 341-354. It's a complex area to grasp, yet this book provides a clear journey along that road of understanding. Such studies are not to create new generalizations.
Providing a complete portal to the world of case study research, the Fourth Edition of Robert K. A case study on one or two specific countries becomes a powerful and focused tool for determining the social and economic pressures driving this. Professions including the social sciences, education, health, law, management, business, and urban planning have embraced case study research, demonstrating these outcomes. It is a method used to narrow down a very broad field of research into one easily researchable topic. Case studies have a distinctive place in evaluation research. Her research interests include undergraduate and postgraduate nurse education with her current study focusing on the practice readiness of new graduate registered nurses in Australia.
Case studies and theory development in the social sciences 4th ed. Earlier, he served as Visiting Scholar at the U. Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research. The general public has little interest in pages of statistical calculations but some well placed case studies can have a strong impact. Case study research can mean single and multiple case studies, can include quantitative evidence, relies on multiple sources of evidence, and benefits from the prior development of theoretical propositions.
The case study as a research method. Under the more generalized category of case study exist several subdivisions, each of which is custom selected for use depending upon the goals of the investigator. For example, a statistical survey might show how much time people spend talking on mobile phones, but it is case studies of a narrow group that will determine why this is so. Journal of Business Case Studies. Case studies are not the best method for assessing the prevalence of phenomena 2. In order to obtain a full and detailed picture of the participant or small group, the researcher can use a variety of approaches and methods to collect data. It is simply exploratory in nature.
In seeking understanding and meaning, the researcher is positioned with participants as a partner in the discovery and generation of knowledge, where both direct interpretations, and categorical or thematic grouping of findings are used. Constantly refer back to your bullet points so that you do not lose focus. What is a Case Study? This evolution has resulted in a pragmatic, flexible research approach, capable of providing comprehensive in-depth understanding of a diverse range of issues across a number of disciplines. There are several types of case study methods. It is always a good idea to assume that a person reading your research may not possess a lot of knowledge of the subject so try to write accordingly. Case studies are commonly used in social science research and educational settings.
The ability to conduct 6 or 10 case studies, arranged effectively within a multiple-case design, is analogous to the ability to conduct 6 to 10 experiments on related topics. Email us at , or click here to find your. In a case where the market of any organization is in jepoardy, the agency will seek answers and solutions. How to Do Your Case Study: A Guide for Students and Researchers. Techniques are for instance pattern matching, explanation building, time-series analysis, logic models, and cross-case synthesis.
As a result, while case study research has evolved to be a pragmatic, flexible research approach, the variation in definition, application, validity, and purposefulness can create a confusing platform for its use. A very extensive summary of Robert K. He has edited two case study anthologies Yin, 2004; and 2005 and has most recently authored a new text on qualitative research methods Yin, 2011. They typically utilize one or two instances of an event to show the existing situation. In this article, we explore the evolution of case study research, discuss methodological variations, and summarize key elements with the aim of providing guidance on the available options for researchers wanting to use case study in their work. Their basic function is to help identify questions and select types of measurement prior to the main investigation. Providing a complete portal to the world of case study research, the Fifth Edition of Robert K.
Selection of cases is based on the purpose of the research and related to the theoretical propositions about the topic of interest. Common Characteristics of Case Study Research Despite variation in the approaches of the different exponents of case study, there are characteristics common to all of them. A case study would have to cover both the phenomenon of interest and its context, yielding a large number of potentially relevant variables. The family among the Australian Aborigines: A sociological study. These are primarily descriptive studies.
Equally important is a dedication to formal and explicit procedures when doing your research. Clarifying case study research: Examples from practice. This method is useful for answering cause and effect questions. Consequently, various designs have been proposed for preparing, planning, and conducting case study research with advice on key considerations for achieving success. Casing the research case study. The replication logic, whether applied to experiments or to case studies, must also be distinguished from the sampling logic commonly used in surveys. It is useful to show some numerical data but remember that you are only trying to judge trends and not analyze every last piece of data.