They will call and threaten group leaders. Cambodia was severely hit by the refer to table below , and its main economic sector, the garment industry, suffered a 23% drop in exports to the United States and Europe. In December 2014, Labor Ministry officials responded to a list of concerns Human Rights Watch had sent to the ministry regarding the Cambodian labor inspection system. The industry is also burgeoning in Laos where pay rates are even less than in Cambodia and the government is offering huge tax breaks to investors. Within days of notifying the factory, Devoum Chivon, the union president-elect was called to meet the owners. Including general industrial zones and export processing zones with production and free trade areas, service areas and some residential areas. It happened to two people I know—they were in the sewing division but in different groups.
Team leaders in factory 1 allegedly told workers that they should work Sundays, their day off, at an unauthorized subcontractor to help meet production targets and supplement their incomes because factory 1 was not going to provide them with any opportunities for overtime work. She had just started work. Ku Kam Rein, 32, sells fruit in front of a factory. I had seen other workers being screamed at and their contracts were not renewed. The Labor Law forbids sexual harassment. Ltd formerly Chean Ping Garment , Lixing Knitting Factory Limited, Phong Wan Enterprise Co.
Child Labor Human Rights Watch documented child labor in violation of local and international labor laws in at least 11 factories. Human Rights Watch interviews and group interviews with workers from factories 1, 2, 4, 8, 14, 29, 31, 32, 33, 38, 61 that supply to international brands and subcontract to other factories; factories 5, 10, 15, 17, 21, 23, 26, 30, 40, 42, 46, 47, 48, 49, 52, 57, 58, 59, 60, 62, 65, 68, 69, 72, 73 that work on a subcontract basis for other factories. Pregnant women on short-term contracts were unlikely to have their contracts renewed, allowing their managers to avoid providing maternity benefits. Some factory managers in Cambodia have used multiple strategies to thwart unionizing or diminish the effectiveness of independent unions. Workers said there were no complaints about their performance.
But despite having produced a medical certificate, they denied her sick leave and dismissed her. Talks around the hike in minimum wages were ongoing since January 2014 with strained industrial relations between factories and unions. But the brands are not willing to renegotiate the price. Some factories also outsource work seasonally to home-based workers, whose work remains poorly regulated and invisible in monitoring processes. In at least two factories, workers reported that children did night-work when they had rush orders. According to June 2013 data compiled by the Cambodia-based staff of the Solidarity Center, an international labor rights group, there at least 63 garment trade union federations in Cambodia, of which only a handful are considered independent. In one shoe factory in October, nearly 100 workers fainted during a single shift.
We recognize that this makes it more difficult for the brands to respond to specific cases, but hope that this will encourage them to address the broader issues. Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research. Independent trade unions play an important role in improving conditions through collective bargaining agreements, reporting labor rights violations, and helping workers seek redress. Perceptions of public sector corruption in Cambodia are high. Out of the 10 Asean countries, low wage earners in Myanmar and Cambodia have experienced the fastest growth in their minimum wages. Myanmar, which does not have the mainstay of a de-facto greenback economy, saw minimum wages more than double in the past five years, with mushrooming inflation expected to reach 6. Workers, lawyers, independent unions, and labor rights activists raised concerns about pro-management unions that were not representing worker interests.
When Human Rights Watch met with officials from the ministry in March and April 2014, they said between 50 and 60 applications were pending at that time. About half of the casual workers we spoke to had worked continuously for consecutive months. We primarily used female interpreters. The workers who alleged that they had been summarily dismissed told Human Rights Watch that they had not received prior warnings or complaints about their performance. Soon after being notified, the management called the elected representatives and presented them with the option of giving up their union positions for promotions and a hike in wages. Adidas representatives provided detailed information about their approach to subcontracting.
Based on discussions with workers from 48 factories, Human Rights Watch found that while many workers sought overtime work to earn more money, they could not refuse without risking retaliation. The suspensions should remain in place until the company is taken off the low compliance list. Since 2011 new banks with offshore funding have begun to enter the market. Recent events linked to labor rights in Cambodia have attracted international attention. Worker interviews took place after their factory workday, during the lunch hour, or on Sundays, their day off.
The factory discriminated against pregnant workers at the time of hiring and did not give maternity pay even to workers employed at the factory for more than a year. More than a vendor—a partner. For example, Adidas representatives told Human Rights Watch that three repeated unauthorized subcontracts will result in a termination of the business arrangement with a supplier who engages in authorized outsourcing of production. The costs increase with the number of workers in a factory. We are too scared after that. Clampdown on Independent Unions Independent factory unions often play a critical role in Labor Law enforcement.
Outsourcing to Home-Based Workers Some garment factories also use home-based workers seasonally. After we sent the second letter, they responded in writing to both letters. Defying orders, Khay Nak left the factory premises. The views and opinions of the authors who have submitted articles to Fibre2fashion. Chinese tourists also appear to have lessened after political upheaval in Thailand and anti-China demonstrations in Vietnam in early 2014. In addition, women workers faced pregnancy-based discrimination, sexual harassment, and denial of maternity benefits. The public hospital is far away from my house.