Juvenile Justice Care and Protection of Children Act, 2000, so that juvenile criminals in the age group of 16—18 can be tried as adults for serious crimes. Because of these emotional problems which are created by dehumanised social conditions the person becomes a delinquent and tries to take action, against others. In 2013, the figure was 2,140 against 1,590 cases. Causes of Juvenile Delinquency Juvenile Delinquency continues to confound a broad range of behavioral specialists the world over. If we take the figures pertaining to the earlier years and work out the percentage of girls within the newly defined range of age it comes to 13.
The Convention states that to protect the social — reintegration of juvenile, there shall be no judicial proceeding and court trials against them. When parents are too much absorbed in their own occupations and activities and do not provide the youth optimum attention, necessary support and encouragement during the crisis period of the growing age, they turn to peers and others as models who might be lacking the qualities of ideal models for the child. New Delhi, which is gaining notoriety as the rape capital of India, reported 63 arrests of juveniles on rape charges. Introducing the bill, minister for women and child development Maneka Gandhi made a passionate plea for its early passage saying it would help arrest the rise in juvenile crime, which is reported to be the fastest rising segment of crime. It would therefore, be grossly unjust to punish the two alike. One of the accused in the was a few months younger than 18 years of age. According to the Juvenile Justice System in U.
A person selling a child will be fined with 100,000 and imprisoned for 5 years. Large amount of money are being spent in Western countries to rehabilitate the delinquents through various remedial measures. The process of Juvenile Justice System was started in the time of British Period. Under the Act, the sentencing court could detain boys in such institutions for a period of two to seven years but they would not be kept in the reformatory schools after they had attained the age of eighteen years. But later in case of Arnit Das v. This increase may be partly attributed to inclusion of delinquent boys from 16 to 18 years for the first time as per new definition of Juvenile Justice Act, 2000. Descriptive research design has been followed in this study.
This definition is wider than the definition provided under Section 82 and 83 of the Indian Penal Code. They seem to be quite impulsive, callus, and socially insensitive, they do not have the feelings of sorrow, guilt and repentance. Just to fulfil their aggressive and sadistic tendency they may drive their car to a small distance, break some parts of the car and leave it there. Families will sign up for foster care and abandoned, orphaned children, or those in conflict with the law will be sent to them. Delinquency is a kind of abnormality when an individual deviates from the course of normal social life.
Generally, programmes for preventing gang delinquency should endeavour to integrate children and youth into organized group activities. This led to the formulation of the Juvenile Justice Care and Protection of Children Act, 2000, which was exhaustive amended in 2006 by Act No. Broken Homes: British and American investigations reveal that nearly 50% of the delinquents come from broken homes. Article shared by Essay on the Causes of Juvenile Delinquency — There is no single cause or simple explanation for the development of delinquent behaviour. It also provides provision for the working of the government machineries. The primary duty of these courts was to provide proper care and protection to child and young offenders and take all the necessary steps to remove all undesirable surroundings around the offenders and to ensure reformation of the offenders by providing education and training.
The boy appeared yesterday in court with his attorney, who entered the juvenile equivalent of a not guilty plea. In 2014, juveniles were involved in 1,007 cases of theft, burglary or snatching, followed by 134 cases of rape and 70 murder. Every child has its human rights and they should not be denied to it by anybody. Generally the gang starts as a playgroup. The decision will be taken by the Juvenile Justice Board.
Various countries use different methods of discourage delinquent and criminal behavior. Therefore while debating the amendment in Parliament it must be discussed that whether we as a society want to have a justice system based on retribution and punishment or a system which is reformative and assimilative for the juvenile offenders. Chief Constable of South Wales, a 11 years old boy was said to have enough knowledge that his act was causing a damage to the motor vehicle and also in the case ofJ. In a developing country like India the problem of juvenile neglect and delinquency is considerably low but gradually increasing according to the National crime record bureau report 2007. While Odisha saw the maximum increase in percentage terms 411% , in actual numbers Madhya Pradesh 284 still accounted for maximum juvenile rapists in the country, as per the latest statistics released by the National Crime Records Bureau for 2012.
Demands for a reduction of the age of juveniles from 18 to 16 years were also turned down by the Supreme Court, when the stated that there is no proposal to reduce the age of a juvenile. What is lacking in an effective integration with the larger society as a contributing member. So it is the duty of every citizen of India, as parents, teachers, relatives, friends, to guide the future generation of India into the right path. The Juvenile Justice Act, in its preamble itself signifies the need of the child care by providing that it is an Act to consolidate and amend the law relating to juveniles in conflict with law and children in need of care and protection, by providing for proper care, protection and treatment by catering to their development needs, and by adopting a child-friendly approach in the adjudication and disposition of matters in the best interest of children and for their ultimate rehabilitation through various institutions established under this enactment. Long ago, an Italian Scientist Lumbroso made certain empirical studies on crime, and held that criminals have defective physical structure and defective intelligence. Orphanage and destitute homes are not sufficient to rehabilitate the juvenile delinquents in view of their increasing numbers during the recent years. There is specific provision to the contrary that no juvenile's retention exceeds three years.
The family, as the primary institution of socialization, appears to play the most important role in the prevention of child and juvenile delinquency. In this age they may become more vagrants or may want to have sex experience. Runeckleswhere a 13 year old who attacked under kid with a milk bottle, must have known that it was seriously wrong to engage in such a behavior. The bill, among other things, allows for juve niles between 16-18 years of age in conflict with the law to be treated as adults on the discretion of the Juvenile Justice Board. Prior to this, juvenile offenders were treated as same as other criminal offenders. There are some theorists who indicate that socio — economic conditions combined with peer influences can be an enormous factor in the development of delinquent behavior. Both his parents had had no formal education.