Anatomy and physiology of git. Gastrointestinal system (human digestive system) anatomy 2019-02-04

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23.1 Overview of the Digestive System

anatomy and physiology of git

Only then does the blood drained from the alimentary canal viscera circulate back to the heart. Its organs include the following: Mouth Food enters the digestive tract through the mouth, or oral cavity, a mucous membrane-lined cavity. Thus the salivary glands, liver, pancreas and gallbladder have important functions in the digestivesystem. It moves food in the mouth and, in cooperation with the lips and cheeks, holds the food in place during mastication. This otherwise smooth lining is dotted with millions of deep gastric pits, which lead into gastric glands that secrete the solution called gastric juice. The tongue is a major sensory organ for taste, as well as being one of the major organs of speech.

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Anatomy and Physiology: Gastrointestinal Tract

anatomy and physiology of git

B: The most superior part of the stomach is the fundus. As the feces is forced into the anal canal, messages reach the giving us time to make a decision as to whether the external voluntary sphincter should remain open or be constricted to stop passage of feces. C: The submucosa lies just outside the mucosa. Extrinsic innervations of the alimentary canal are provided by the autonomic nervous system, which includes both sympathetic and parasympathetic nerves. Bile is a thickfluid that contains enzymes to help dissolve fat in the intestines. Premolars bicuspids and molars have broad crowns with round cusps tips and are best suited for grinding.

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Anatomy and Physiology: Digestive System Flashcards

anatomy and physiology of git

Specifically, the more anterior parts of the alimentary canal are supplied with blood by arteries branching off the aortic arch and thoracic aorta. This highly acidic environment serves two purposes: first, to provide an environment hostile to bacteria and other pathogens; second, to denature protein and cause it to unfold, thereby increasing the area that pepsins can attack see Digestion below The stomach is divided into three parts: the fundus, the main body, and the pyloric antrum. An enlarged parotid glandcan be easier felt when one clenches their teeth. Itconsists of a fundus, body and neck. A: The opening from the esophagus into the stomach is called the cardiac opening because it is near the heart.

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Anatomy and Physiology of Gastrointestinal Tract

anatomy and physiology of git

All nutrients absorbed by the intestines pass through the liver and are processed before traveling to the rest of the body. The bacteria are responsible for the formation of intestinal gas. The liver has several important functions. Starting from after the small intestine ended, all the way through this lined structure right here, we are going to be passing through the large intestine. During swallowing food passes from the mouth through the pharynx into the esophagus and travels via peristalsis radially symmetrical contraction and relaxation of muscles which propagates in a wave down the muscular tube to the stomach. Farther along in the duodenum is the major duodenal papilla, a protuberance where the common bile duct and main pancreatic duct enter the duodenum. Primary organ for taste C.

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Anatomy and Physiology of GI Tract

anatomy and physiology of git

The body is the midportion, and as it narrows inferiorly, it becomes the pyloric antrum, and then the funnel-shaped pylorus. The net effect is that the food is moved through the small intestine in much the same way that toothpaste is squeezed from the tube. They transport the protein and carbohydrate nutrients absorbed by mucosal cells after food is digested in the lumen. The inner surface of thestomach is contracted into numerous longitudinal folds calledrugae. The presence of chyme in the duodenum initiates both neural and hormonal mechanisms.

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Anatomy and Physiology of GI Tract

anatomy and physiology of git

The pancreas has bothexocrine and endocrine functions. This is called the rectum. As the second set of teeth, the deeper permanent teeth, enlarge and develop, the roots of the milk teeth are reabsorbed, and between the ages of 6 to 12 years they loosen and fall out. All right, so starting off, of course, the first place our food is ever going to go to is our mouth, or the oral cavity. The hydrochloric acid produces a pH of about 2.

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Anatomy Of Upper Gastrointestinal Tract

anatomy and physiology of git

Blood finally leaves the liver via the hepatic vein where it drains into the inferior vena cava. For this reason, the hepatic portal vein is occasionally called the splenic-mesenteric confluence. Salivation occurs inresponse to the taste, smell or even appearance of food. Text Mode:All questions and answers are given on a single page for reading and answering at your own pace. Secondly,digestion occurs mainly in the stomach and small intestine where proteins, fats and carbohydrates are chemically broken down into their basic building blocks.

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Anatomy and Physiology of GI Tract

anatomy and physiology of git

Deglutition, or swallowing, is a complex process that involves the coordinated activity of several structures tongue, soft palate, pharynx, and esophagus. It is a cartilaginous tube. This supplies the mucosa and submucosa. Salivation occurs in response to the taste, smell or even appearance of food. The lips labia protect its anterior opening.

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